(C) Reuters. Libya summit in Berlin
By Michelle Nichols
UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) – U.N. chief Antonio Guterres called on Thursday for debt relief to be offered to all developing and middle-income countries amid the coronavirus pandemic and urged the International Monetary Fund to consider boosting global liquidity by issuing a new allocation of its Special Drawing Rights (SDR) currency.
“Alleviating crushing debt cannot be limited to the Least Developed Countries,” Guterres told a high-level U.N. meeting on how to handle the pandemic’s economic fallout. “It must be extended to all developing and middle-income countries that request forbearance as they lose access to financial markets.”
The world’s developing economies – already struggling with a rapidly growing debt burden – must now confront a record global downturn, plummeting prices for their oil and commodities exports and weakening local currencies. The oil price drop has also hit some middle-income countries particularly hard.
“Many developing and middle-income countries are highly vulnerable and already in debt distress — or will soon become so, due to the global recession,” Guterres said.
The Group of 20 major economies, including China, and the Paris Club of government lenders in April offered to suspend bilateral debt payments by the 77 poorest countries for the rest of the year. So far only 22 of the countries have requested to receive the forbearance.
The new coronavirus outbreak, which first emerged in China late last year, has infected millions and killed hundreds of thousands of people globally.
At the U.N. meeting on Wednesday, German Chancellor Angela Merkel backed Guterres’ call for the IMF to consider an increased SDR allocation.
IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva proposed a new SDR allocation – akin to a central bank printing new money – at the start of the crisis, but the proposal has been blocked by the United States, the largest single IMF shareholder.
U.N. chief calls for more debt relief, urges IMF to mull SDR allocation
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